Officers of the Synagogue

Source: The Complete Library of Christian Worship, Robert E. Webber, General Editor

Like any religious institution, the synagogue developed various leadership functions. Over the centuries the roles of the synagogue officers have altered as the needs of the Jewish community have changed. The most important development has been the emergence of the office of rabbi.

In the Old Testament the authority of the Jewish community was vested in the convention, or council, of "elders," ziqnei,"elders of " (Gen. 50:7). The ritual and ceremonial administration was under the direction...


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